Soil is not a renewable resource. All life begins and ends from the soil. It’s the source of food, medicine and filters our water, among others. Soil is also referred to as the “skin of the earth.” It contributes to the growth of plants and crops. It is capable of supporting all forms of life on the planet, including plants, animals, and humans, demonstrating the importance of soil. Most of us take soil for granted and assume it will always be around. But that’s far from the truth. It takes more than 1,000 years to grow 0, 4 inches of soil.
For centuries, humans have been interfering with the world’s natural ecosystem. As humans traveled and settled in different parts of the world in the modern era, they cleared land for farming, cut forests for shipbuilding, and began hunting and trapping for money. Wildlife hunting and poaching became more common over time, and wildlife populations began to decline around the world. According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF)’s Living Planet Report 2017, global wildlife populations have declined by 58 per cent between 1970 and 2012. INTERPOL, on the other hand, estimates that the international illegal wildlife trade is worth between $10 and $20 billion USD per year.